Understanding Personal Injury in California

Personal injury law in California includes legal disputes that develop when one person is harmed as a result of an accident or injury and another person may be legally liable for that harm. Understanding personal injury in California is critical for everyone involved in such an incident, as it explains the legal rights and options accessible in the state. This field of law seeks to provide relief to the harmed party while deterring others from undertaking damaging conduct. Victims can recover compensation for their losses, such as medical expenditures, lost wages, and pain and suffering, through settlements or court judgments.

The Basics of Personal Injury Claims in California

Understanding personal injury in California begins with understanding the fundamentals of personal injury claims in the state. These lawsuits often require proof that another party’s negligence or willful activities caused the injury. The aggrieved party, known as the plaintiff, must demonstrate that the defendant had a duty of care, breached that obligation, and caused damage as a result. This process can be complicated, requiring the collection of data such as medical records, accident reports, and witness statements in order to create a strong case for compensation under California law.

Types of Personal Injury Cases in California

Understanding personal injury in California It also entails recognizing the many forms of personal injury cases that occur in the state. Car accidents, slip-and-fall incidents, medical malpractice, occupational injuries, and product liability cases are among examples. California law defines each sort of case with its own set of legal rules and procedures. Medical malpractice claims, for example, must demonstrate that a healthcare provider violated recognized medical standards, whereas product liability cases focus on defective or harmful products. Understanding these distinctions is critical for understanding the legal landscape of personal injury law in California.

Understanding Personal Injury

What is Proposition 213?

Prop 213 was passed in 1996, and it states that if you were injured in a car accident through no fault of your own, and if you were driving the vehicle without insurance at the time of the accident, you cannot recover non-economic damages.

Non-economic damages include pain and suffering, emotional distress, loss of companionship, etc.

The only damages you can recover are economic, including:

  • Medical costs
  • Lost wages
  • Vehicle damages

Any other damages you may have, you cannot recover for because you did not carry insurance. It’s a punishment for not carrying insurance. Prop 213 also applies if you were driving someone else’s car, and there was no insurance on their vehicle.

Prop 213 Exceptions

Prop 213 does not apply to you if:

  • You were driving your employer’s uninsured vehicle.
  • The accident happened on private property.
  • You were driving a car that did not have insurance coverage, but you have insurance coverage on your car or for yourself.
  • The driver who injured you was convicted of a DUI.

Exceptions are exceptions for a reason. Don’t count on them to help you if you’re injured in a car accident in California. What you can count on is Tafreshi Law Group.

Personal Injury Claims & Your Immigration Status

Your immigration status should not affect your right to file a personal injury claim. You’re entitled to seek compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering, just like any other resident

Non-citizens often grapple with challenges when filing personal injury claims. One of the major roadblocks is fear; fear of drawing attention, fear of retaliation, or fear of deportation. Consequently, many immigrants choose to suffer in silence rather than assert their rights

However, it’s crucial to understand that immigration status does not negate the right to legal recourse after an injury. The U.S. Constitution assures equal protection under law to all individuals within its jurisdiction, and this includes protection to non-citizens from any form of discrimination during a personal injury claim process. In fact, understanding personal injury cases are handled by civil courts, which are separate from immigration courts. Filing a personal injury lawsuit does not automatically trigger an immigration investigation.

Will You Be Deported for Filing a Claim?

The fear of deportation is real and understandable. However, let me assure you: filing a personal injury claim should not lead to deportation. It’s illegal for employers or insurance companies to report you to immigration authorities in retaliation for filing a claim.

Understanding Personal Injury claim is essential to be truthful about your status, however, if asked about it in legal proceedings. Lying under oath could have serious consequences, including criminal charges and potential deportation. Do remember, though, that Texas law upholds the principle that any person who suffers an injury due to the negligence of another party has the right to seek compensation, irrespective of their immigration status.

Understanding Personal Injury

What Damages Can Be Recovered in a Personal Injury Claim?

A personal injury claim can seek a variety of damages to compensate the affected party for their losses. Economic damages often include medical fees, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages as a result of the injury. Non-economic damages, such as pain and suffering, mental distress, and loss of enjoyment of life, may also be given depending on the facts of the case. Furthermore, in rare circumstances involving extremely reckless or intentional conduct, punitive damages may be sought to punish the defendant and deter similar behavior in the future.

In some personal injury cases, particularly those involving minimal impact soft tissue (MIST) injuries, damages may still be recoverable. These injuries, despite their mild impact, can cause severe pain and necessitate medical attention. It is critical to document all medical procedures and follow up with healthcare providers to bolster your claim for damages.

Understanding Personal Injury law ensures that all recoverable damages are considered to compensate the injured party appropriately.

What Is A MIST Case?

MIST is an acronym for “Minor Impact, Soft Tissue”.  Minor impact is when there is limited vehicle damage. The soft tissue is the damage that occured to  muscles, ligaments or tendons. Because this type of injury does not involve bones, MIST types of injuries can be harder to diagnose.

MIST injuries are caused by a variety of situations. Most commonly, MIST injuries occur from auto accidents. However, there are many other areas where a MIST injury can result such as Slips-&-Falls, Workplace Injuries, Senior Facilities, and Sports Injuries.

What are some examples of MIST injuries?


The most common type of MIST injury is Whiplash. Whiplash results from a quick and  sudden back and forth movement of the head & neck usually from the impact of a car accident. Symptoms of whiplash such as headaches, chronic back & neck pain, vision & hearing disturbances, or dizziness & balance challenges can be severe & can last for many years.  

Sprains and Strains:

Another common soft tissue injury are Sprains and Strains.  They are similar in both cause & treatment, except that a sprain is the over-stretching & tearing of a ligament whereas a strain is the over-stretching & tearing of a tendon. Both of these injuries result in pain, swelling, and a reduction in the range of motion. Common areas in the body for sprains & strains are elbows, wrists, knees, or the ankle. They can also occur in the back & neck.


Contusions are another common MIST injury. Contusions are bruises where the capillaries under the skin have been ruptured. Though many bruises & contusions heal well over time, permanent damage can occur

As stated earlier, MIST injuries involve soft tissue. Unlike broken bones, MIST injuries will not appear on x-rays. Not only are MIST injuries more difficult to diagnose by medical professionals, but MIST injuries can have a more severe impact on daily life activities and they can last a lifetime.

Victims of MIST injuries with a personal injury claim can seek compensation for medical expenses, lost wages from missed work, medication, as well as pain & suffering.

It is critical in a MIST case that you have the proper legal representation. The insurance company will be working hard on their side to make as little payment as possible in your claim. You will want to have an attorney to represent your interests and defend your injuries from claim denial & or a settlement that is less than what you deserve.

At Tafreshi Law Group, you receive attentive client service from our experienced team of attorneys who understand your needs and keep you abreast of updates to your case. Our attorneys understand that you have suffered as a result of your injuries. We work to take any burdens we can off your shoulders. Our attorneys are attentive and focused. We evaluate our cases carefully and work to ensure that our clients will receive excellent care from our professionals and throughout the legal process.   

What are some examples of MIST injuries?

One of the most critical aspects of understanding personal injury in California is recognizing the importance of legal representation. An experienced personal injury attorney can significantly enhance the chances of a successful outcome. They possess the expertise to navigate Understanding Personal Injury complex legal procedures, negotiate with insurance companies, and advocate for the injured party’s rights. Attorneys also help in accurately assessing the value of a claim, ensuring that all damages, including future medical expenses and lost earning potential, are considered. Having skilled legal counsel can make a substantial difference in the resolution of a personal injury case in California. Contact Tafreshi Law Group for personal injury cases in California; we are offering free consultations.

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